lumbar spine functional examination

How to examine the lumbar spine?

When it comes to the fuctional examination of the lumbar spine, numerous tests and interpretations are described in literature.  

I sincerely believe It doesn't make sense to "over-test" the patient. In fact, many manual test procedures (e.g. in relation to segmental "hyper-hypo mobility") seem to have a very poor validity, so let's focus on those tests that really help me to reach a valid diagnosis. 

>>> Click here to find out how to interpret the clinical image and how to reach a diagnosis

Keep in mind that the value of one single positive test is zero. We always look for specific clusters of positive and negative tests so that we can interpret the clinical image in a more reliable way.

It is important to look at the "package" i.e. data from the history, the inspection and the functional examination ; in exceptional cases data from medical imaging could be useful too.

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